Think of this like a check-list for you to utilise throughout writing your methodology. If you want further guidance on writing a dissertation methodology, our article Writing your dissertation methodology answers the most common questions asked by students and is packed full of helpful advice.
The main decision you are likely to make is whether you will be using qualitative or quantitative methods or methods which combine both. Each method is associated with a different approach to gathering data.
If so, you are likely to be collecting numerical data in reasonably large quantities 30 or more and running statistical tests on this data.
By looking at broad areas of interest, you are aiming to generate theories about the area you are investigating.
If this is the case, you will be adopting a qualitative approach concerned with analysing textual responses in detail. The Steps involved in writing a Dissertation. Strategy and Research Design In this section you will outline how you collected your data; and you will have to explain your choice for using the methods you did, such as online surveys, phone surveys, face-to-face-interviews and so on.
How did you choose your sample? Explain the choice of age group and ethnicity of your respondents. What questions did you ask and how have these contributed towards answering your research question or how did these test your hypothesis which formed the basis of your research?
It is actually better to write this at the start of your research, so that it can be changed if your methods are not producing the results you need.
However as this is not usually how dissertations are written- they are written in hindsight, then you will have to be honest about the flaws in the design. Another thing to remember is that you need to convince the reader that the results you obtain are valid and reliable.
When discussing why you selected the methods you did, you should be convincing that these methods are the best ones available given what you want to achieve. Data Collection and Analysis Methods You will have to explain how the data was collected by what means and then explain the analysis tools you used.
For example, if you were sampling texts, or have a lot of qualitative data are you using semiotics analysis, discourse analysis and so on. If you used software tools then you will have to say what these were and why you chose to use these particular ones.
In this section you have to explain very clearly how you arrived at your findings and state clearly why they are reliable and how they answer your research questions or test the hypotheses on which your research was based. The choices you made at the beginning of your research study should have been aided by contributions from your supervisor.
That being so, writing the Methodology section will be the easiest part of your dissertation. Ethics, Reliability, Validity, Generalizability and Limitations Finally, your methodology should discuss the following: Ethics — you need to explain how you have taken into account the ethics of your research, particularly if it includes human subjects.
What steps did you take to make sure no one involved is harmed in any way even very minor ways? This discussion should include how you dealt with issues of confidentiality of data, and data protection Reliability — that is, the extent to which your study is reliable, in that the results can be repeated by other researchers at other times.
To be informative, studies should be both reliable and valid Validity — that is, does the study test what it sets out to test? Are the measures you use able to accurately assess what you want to look at? Generalizability — to what extent are the particular results you obtained true of other populations?
Not all studies are as generalizable as others, but you need to discuss how generalizable your results are likely to be, and why. Limitations — finally, you need to acknowledge any ways in which the study was limited. Was it restricted to only one country, when data from other regions would be useful?
Or were only people of a certain age interviewed, when a more representative cross-section of the population would have yielded more informative results?52 CHAPTER 3. METHODOLOGY Introduction Research developed is designed to provide more information into the needs of students from ESL families that may not have the support needed from the school to be successful in their.
For instance, if your thesis has five chapters (rationale, literature review, methodology, results, conclusion), limit each chapter to only a sentence or two for each chapter in order to maximize some parts that need more substantial backing.
In the same chapter (or separate I would encourage with a PhD thesis) - what follows is the methods/design section. That is the physical 'doing' part of a study i.e. ethics, sampling, data. 3 Methodology (In this unit I use However, for students writing up an exclusively qualitative thesis, the shape of the methodology chapter is less clear-cut: Qualitative research in language education Language classroom discourse and participant perspectives.
To address how to write a methodology, in the Methodology section of your dissertation you have to justify and explain your choice of methodologies employed in your research.
52 CHAPTER 3. METHODOLOGY Introduction Research developed is designed to provide more information into the needs of students from ESL families that may not have the support needed from the school to be successful in their. I am currently working on my MS Thesis. And all I can say, I am a little stuck in the methodology section. I wrote it but still not satisfied. However, if . The methodology chapter of a dissertation or thesis is an important component that essentially maps out the methods that you'll utilize when researching and writing this lengthy chapter.
You don’t however have to explain the methodological approaches that you could have used. Sep 21, · Quick tips on what someone needs to include in the Research Method section of an academic Thesis.