Attlee then trained as a barrister at the Inner Temple and was called to the bar in March
Early life and political career — [ edit ] Childhood and businessman[ edit ] Joseph Chamberlain seated and Austen ChamberlainChamberlain was born on 18 March in a house called Southbourne in the Edgbaston district of Birmingham.
Joseph Chamberlain had had another son, Austen Chamberlainby his first marriage. Inas Governor of Birmingham's General Hospital, and along with "no more than fifteen" other dignitaries, Chamberlain became a founding member of the national United Hospitals Committee of the British Medical Association.
The two had a son and a daughter. During the " Khaki election " of he made speeches in support of Joseph Chamberlain's Liberal Unionists. The Liberal Unionists were allied with the Conservatives and later merged with them  under the name "Unionist Party", which in became known as the "Conservative and Unionist Party".
Chamberlain was made chairman of the Town Planning Committee. The start of war in prevented implementation of his plans. Apart from his father Joseph, five of Chamberlain's uncles had also attained the chief Birmingham civic dignity: As a Lord Mayor in wartime, Chamberlain had a huge burden of work and he insisted that his councillors and officials work equally hard.
Rise of Neville Chamberlain portrait of Chamberlain by William Orpen Chamberlain threw himself into parliamentary work, begrudging the times when he was unable to attend debates and spending much time on committee work.
He was chairman of the national Unhealthy Areas Committee —21  and in that role, had visited the slums of London, Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool and Cardiff.
He immediately resigned, and was replaced by Chancellor of the Exchequer Stanley Baldwin. Ramsay MacDonald became the first Labour Prime Minister, but the Labour government fell within months, necessitating another general election.
By a margin of only 77 votes, Chamberlain narrowly defeated Labour candidate Oswald Mosley who later led the British Union of Fascists. Before he left office in21 of the 25 bills had passed into law.
Many of the Boards were controlled by Labour, and such Boards had defied the government by distributing relief funds to the able-bodied unemployed.
Chamberlain spoke in the Commons for two and a half hours on the second reading of the Bill, and when he concluded he was applauded by all parties.
The Bill passed into law. Baldwin and his government resigned and Labour leader Ramsay MacDonald — took office. Joseph Chamberlain had advocated a similar policy, " Imperial Preference ";  Neville Chamberlain laid his bill before the House of Commons on 4 February and concluded his address by noting the appropriateness of his seeking to enact his father's proposal.
At the end of the speech, Sir Austen Chamberlain walked down from the backbenches and shook his brother's hand. He maintained the severe budget cuts that had been agreed at the inception of the National Government. Between andChamberlain halved the percentage of the budget devoted to interest on the war debt.
The Conference came to nothing. US President Franklin Roosevelt sent word that he would not consider any war debt cancellation. He told the Commons "We have now finished the story of Bleak House and are sitting down this afternoon to enjoy the first chapter of Great Expectations.
During the campaign, deputy Labour leader Arthur Greenwood had attacked Chamberlain for spending money on rearmament, saying that the rearmament policy was "the merest scaremongering; disgraceful in a statesman of Mr Chamberlain's responsible position, to suggest that more millions of money needed to be spent on armaments".
He wrote in his diary that Wallis SimpsonEdward VIII's intended wife, was "an entirely unscrupulous woman who is not in love with the King but is exploiting him for her own purposes. She has already ruined him in money and jewels Soon after the abdication Baldwin announced that he would remain until shortly after the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.
On 28 May, two weeks after the Coronation, Baldwin resigned, advising the King to send for Chamberlain. National Government — and Chamberlain war ministry Chamberlain as prime minister Upon his accession Chamberlain considered calling a general election, but with three and a half years remaining of the then current Parliament's term he decided to wait.
At age 68, he was the second-eldest person in the 20th century behind Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman to become Prime Minister for the first time,  and was widely seen as a caretaker who would lead the Conservative Party until the next election, and then step down in favour of a younger man, with Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden a likely candidate.
From the start of Chamberlain's premiership a number of would-be successors were rumoured to be jockeying for position.
Although he had worked closely with the President of the Board of TradeWalter Runciman over the tariff issue, Chamberlain dismissed him from his post, offering Runciman the token position of Lord Privy Sealwhich an angry Runciman declined.
Runciman, a member of the Liberal National Party, was thought by Chamberlain to be lazy. These reports were to be integrated with the intent of co-ordinating the passage of legislation through the current Parliament, the term of which was to expire in November According to Chamberlain biographer Robert Self, these appeared relaxed and modern, showing an ability to speak directly to the camera.
This Act was aimed at bettering working conditions in factories, and placed limits on the working hours of women and children. Another major law passed that year was the Holidays with Pay Act. Likewise, the raising of the school-leaving age to 15, scheduled for implementation on 1 Septemberdid not go into effect.
The Anglo-Irish Trade Warsparked by the withholding of money that Ireland had agreed to pay the United Kingdom, had caused economic losses on both sides, and the two nations were anxious for a settlement.
Chamberlain as Chancellor had taken a hard-line stance against concessions to the Irish, but he was persuaded that the strained ties were affecting relations with other Dominions, and sought a settlement with Ireland. De Valera sought not only to alter the constitutional status of Ireland, but to overturn other aspects of the Anglo-Irish Treatymost notably the issue of partitionas well as obtaining full control of the three " Treaty Ports " which had remained in British control.Year 11 Modern History Assessment Task Lachlan Hunter David Lloyd George, dominating the later political scene of World War One as an energetic Prime Minister, from (), played a comprehensive role in establishing and laying the foundations of the modern welfare state.
The "Big Four" at Paris included Wilson, British prime minister David Lloyd George, French premier Georges Clemenceau, and Italian prime minister Vittorio Orlando.
Clemenceau, whose concern lay with French security, had little interest in the Fourteen Points. Chapter 23 study guide by shelbycatala includes 40 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Commerce with the Central Powers fell to a trickle, while that with the Allies soared, much of it financed by American loans to the British and French.
British prime minister David Lloyd George, French premier Georges Clemenceau, and. The Reasons Why the British Prime Minister Lloyd George Fell from Power in British Local History and Genealogy - useful dates timechart.
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee KG OM CH PC FRS (3 January – 8 October ), was a British statesman of the Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from to and Leader of the Labour Party from to Battles/wars: First World War, · Gallipoli Campaign, · Mesopotamian campaign, · Western Front.