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Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Upon his death, his son Nicholas assumed the throne, becoming the Tsar of the Russian people being known as Nicholas II. This meant that Nicholas II had little practical knowledge of the Nicholas ii essay he now ruled.
He emancipated the serfs, giving them greater freedoms. While a popular move, Alexander II failed to understand the problem that radical change of the social system would mean that a radical change in the political system was needed.
While Alexander II was willing to concede some of his powers to local councils, he did not want to lose his autocratic will. His reforms were designed so that personal freedom came at the price of safeguarding autocracy, holding on to power.
The implications of this were not fully understood, Alexander II began a reform which frequently stopped and started, in fact making political and social tensions worse.
The government wanted industrial growth, peace in the nation thus strengthening the country and army however they faced opposition from radical political groups such as the SR and the Marxists and more moderate political groups such as the liberals, this opposition Nicholas ii essay known as russification.
Alexander II began to crack down on the revolutionaries with violent force resulting in further discontent. Having seen what happened to his father when he tried to reform, Alexander III did not want to concede anymore power and in fact begun taking it away by removing power from the zemstvos and instituting policies of one language and nationality, being Russianwith minorities having this imposed upon them.
He strengthened the secret police and introduced new methods of cracking down on the revolutionaries and numbers of arrests increased for those who criticised the government.
He also had Konstantin Pobedonostsev, his former tutor become tutor to Nicholas; Pobedonostsev instilled the value in Nicholas of divine right to rule. He was also the Procurator of the Russian Orthodox Church; the Church had significant influence in the governance of Russia and was opposed to significant reform.
This coupled with an outdated autocratic system meant that Russia and Nicholas II were ill prepared to deal with the demands of its people meaning that the political system was dangerously on the verge of collapsing due to the changes in the social structure of Russia during the 19th century.
Some of the nobility held positions in the government and military but were there because of influence, not merit meaning that many key officials were corrupt or incompetent, resulting in a problem of how to deliver efficient government.
Also, an increasing number were moving to cities so communication between them and the peasants on their land was difficult. The middle classes were far smaller and were made up of professionals such as bankers and merchants who were in privileged jobs and cultural life.
The peasants were mostly ex serfs and were subject to economic restrictions. This meant that life was hard for them as they struggled to provide for their families; especially during bad harvests many were poor and uneducated.
Some peasants such as the Kulaks were better off. Disease was widespread and living conditions for them were poor. The inequality in the social structure led to much resentment among the large peasant population who turned to radical groups such as the Bolsheviks and along with the repression from the previous Tsars, Nicholas II got a social system that was at risk of declining due to the inequality and lack of modern political and economic rights.
The economy was a key issue for the government; both Tsar Alexander II and III believed that a strong modern economy would lead to a stronger government and military. Russia was an overwhelmingly rural country and as such was an agricultural based economy relying on production and exports to survive.Essay on tsar nicholas ii and king.
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Essay about The Last Tsar of Russia Words | 9 Pages. Nicholas II was the Last Tsar of Russia, remembered for the tragic and thoughtless way in which he and his family were murdered.
Tsar Nicholas II Essay Sample.
To what extent was Tsar Nicholas II responsible for the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in It was the political naivete and extreme obstinance of Tsar Nicholas II that led to the outbreak of the Russian Revolution. Nicholas Ii of Russia Essay Anonymos 21/03/13 Nicholas II of Russia Nicholas II was born the 18th of May, in Saint Petersburg.
He was christened his imperial highness Nicholas Aleksandrovitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia. When Nicholas .
Tsar Nicholas II was rightfully blamed for his downfall in March His revolting actions resulting in detrimental impacts on Russia made him solely to blame for his abdication. Essay Tsar Nicholas II Tsar Nicholas II was the first to abdicate in the line of the Romanov Dynasty. In his reign in Russia from he encountered many obstacles.