There was a general dissatisfaction among the masses who had heard the story of the Mutiny of Barrackpur. He took the following steps:
He introduced reforms in both civil and criminal justice. He was successful to a great extent in removing the uncertainty and confusion about the revenue collection.
He reduced the existing district from 36 to For the each district English servants of the company was appointed as collector. The collector was in charge of collection of revenue, decides cases and all the matters relating to the revenue. He was authorized to act as judge of Mofusiil Diwani Adalat and to decide all civil cases.
He was also act as Magistrate of the District.
He decided the revenue cases and the revenue court was known as Mal Adalat. In the Mofusil Diwani Adalat the collector was judge to decide all civil cases and boundary disputes of Zamindar.
For each district the Registrar was appointed to decide the civil cases to te value of Rs. The collector was to act as Magistrate he was empowered to arrest, try and punish the petty offences. Offences relating to more than this was sent to Mufsil Nizamat Adalat for Trial.
The British subjects apprehends by the Magistrate because if the Magistrate feels that it was fit case for trial, the British subjects were sent to Calcutta for trial. But the European was not sent for trial at Calcutta as they were not subjects of British. Some of the demerits were the collector was overpowered.
He misused his powers for personal gains. The collector was more interested in collecting the revenue, because the promotion was based on the revenue he collected. So he neglected the administration of justice. There was jurisdiction problem between the Supreme Court and the Mofussil Courts.
There was a necessity to coordinate and correlate the functions of the two sets of the court. The long period during which the Governor General and members of the Bengal Council had been the judges of the court came to end. They were replaced by the covenanted servants of the company who were not the members of the government.
The courts failed to protect the riots against the Zamindars. Litigation amongst the richer section of the society also increased. On the whole the litigations chocked the courts and the sale of estates become frequent 5.
In civil courts the cases piled up, which in turn affected the revenue collection. Insteps were taken to resolve the issues. The Regulation also authorized the judges of the Diwani Adalats to refer to the Collectors for the scrutiny and report the cases involving the adjustments of accounts.
InThe collection of revenue and administration of justice were joined to dispose arrears and to secure collections of revenue.
Inthe work of the Diwani Adalats were reduced, and the appeal cases up to Rs. The District Diwani Adalats were authorized to hear all civil cases in which valuation was more than Rs.
Another important reform is imposition of court fees, earlier in Lord Cornwallis abolished court fee. Court fee was not only imposed on new cases but for the pending cases too. If the court fee is not paid within the given time the case would be dismissed.Reforms of Lord William Bentinck.
The advent of Lord William Bentinck ushered in a new era in the annals of India in many ways.
Although his tenure of office covered only a short span of seven years, it saw a period of enduring reforms.
Lord William Bentinck played a very important role even with regard to the judicial reforms in India.
In the work of judicial reforms, Bentinck was assisted by Bentinck Butterworth, Bayley and Holt Mackenzie. In , Bentinck abolished the Provincial Courts of Appeal and Circuit. Lord William Bentinck played a very important role even with regard to the judicial reforms in India.
In the work of judicial reforms, Bentinck was assisted by Bentinck Butterworth, Bayley and Holt Mackenzie. Bentinck made major educational reforms he made English the medium of instruction after passing the English Education Act , English replaced Persian, as the language of the higher courts and encouraged western-style education for Indians to provide more educated Indians for service in the British bureaucracy.
Article shared by. The advent of Lord William Bentinck in opened an era of monumental social reforms in India. His seven years rule proved a peaceful interlude between two periods of severe and costly campaigning, and thus made it possible to achieve reforms which were long over due.
Judicial Reforms of William Bentinck First Published: June 6, | Last Updated:November 22, We have studied in previous modules that at the time of Lord Cornwallis, the provinces of Bihar, Bengal & Orissa were divided into 4 divisions.