Strategic planning is analytical in nature and refers to formalized procedures to produce the data and analyses used as inputs for strategic thinking, which synthesizes the data resulting in the strategy. Strategic planning may also refer to control mechanisms used to implement the strategy once it is determined. In other words, strategic planning happens around the strategic thinking or strategy making activity.
Strategies for community out-reach Identifying key nutrition issues and analysing determinants of eating behaviour The task of planning nutrition education interventions integrated into nutrition improvement programmes, requires that the various causes and effects of nutrition issues and problems be addressed in a concerted manner.
Only through a systematic analysis of the nutrition and health-related needs of a community, can an effective nutrition education programme be developed. Any nutrition education intervention should consider the socio-cultural, economic, political, and technological environments which include food and nutrition issues.
Thus, the first step is a situational analysis examining the factors that would draw out pertinent issues to be addressed through nutrition education. An assessment determines the priority issues, problems, local power structures, supporting institutions, communication resources, as well as relevant policies, and the degree to which these affect the state of nutrition and health of the community.
An analysis studies the underlying factors that impinge on the issues, problems, structures, resources and policies.
Action, in terms of community out-reach strategies, includes: In designing appropriate community out-reach strategies, nutrition education planners need two major types of information. Information about people Information about people is sometimes referred to as audience predisposition in communication models Gillespie, The information about people will help identify the nutritional needs of the community.
Four basic methods are employed to describe the nutritional status of "at risk" groups in the community: This describes what and how much people usually eat. It determines whether the amount and variety of food intake is adequate for the individual and the household.
It also tells if there is food scarcity at certain times of the year. Morbidity and mortality rates and their causes are indicators of the interrelationships between nutrition and prevalent disease patterns, including infections and infestations. Literacy and educational levels are guides in designing appropriate messages adjusted according to the audience's level of comprehension and language facility.
It also guides planners in choosing interpersonal and mediated approaches. This indicates the extent to which the community has access and is exposed to certain mass media channels, while it determines the community's media habits, ownership, and preferences.
Types of occupations, incomes and educational attainment of family members, and whether women work outside the home, indicate if money is regularly available to buy food. Food expenditures also provide an index of the percentage of family income spent on food and non-food items. Child care providers should also receive nutrition education.
Food habits, practices, superstitions, attitudes, social and religious customs, and breast-feeding and weaning practices are useful in determining and designing appropriate nutritional messages and activities. The structure and flow of nutritional information or misinformation among women and men in the community help to identify specific target participants for nutrition education interventions, e.
These studies relate nutrient deficient patterns to spatial, ecological, socio-economic, and demographic characteristics of a population. For example, a study of upland dwellers can yield useful information for designing intervention programmes based on an "area level", integrating a development planning approach rather than a sectoral approach.
Information about local resources Information about local resources that will help identify problems related to food and nutrition in the community include: This helps to identify possible sources of infection and whether enough water is used to maintain hygiene standards.
It also indicates if it is possible to increase agricultural production. This identifies the kinds of foods that are locally available for consumption, including their seasonal availability.
This gives an idea of what crops are sold locally, the process by which a quantity and quality of foods becomes available on the market, and the presence of street-food vendors, snack stands, and other outlets for prepared food. It should be determined whether food storage facilities are available, whether enough food can be stored properly for future needs, and whether lack of storage facilities causes specific losses and a shortage of supplies.
This indicates the adequacy of kitchen, toilet and other sanitation facilities. It is also used to measure space adequacy or crowding among family members.Principles of Tourism. An introduction to the fundamentals and basic processes within the international tourism industry, including its meaning, development, components and dynamics that will enable each student to develop and an understanding of tourism consumer behaviour, tourism activities, the impacts of tourism, and the conditions necessary for sustainable tourism development to occur.
The thinking behind strategy communication The development of a strategy can be a case for change, a new service, or a further development of an existing service and can involve major changes or relatively minor changes.
But with any change, certain elements need to be in place. Even small changes can make a difference to the quality of care .
Now this Guide for 5 Learning Apps for kids and Education has changed a lot over the last couple of decades and there is more focus than ever on learning at home, continuing one education and using the Internet for the glorious information tool that it is.
corporate communication function and its implementation of strategy and found that CEOs focus on branding and reputation and prioritize internal communication.
Coordination of activities, streamlining of processes, aligning the organizational structure, and keeping employees. Corporate culture represents the professional values a company adopts that dictate how it interacts with employees, vendors, partners and clients.
The mission strategy of an organization is a. KEYWORDS: communication strategy, strategy implementation through communication, corporate branding, corporate communication strategy INTRODUCTION Although an entire discipline is devoted to the study of organizational strategy, including strategy implementation, little attention has been given to the links between communication and strategy.