Background[ edit ] When the North Korean Army crossed into South Korea on 25 Junethey advanced for the capital Seoulwhich fell in less than a week. North Korea 's forces continued toward the port of Pusana strategic goal. Australia immediately contributed No.
Summary of the Vietnam War: For this reason, in Vietnam today it is known as the American War. It was a direct result of the First Indochina War — between France, which claimed Vietnam as a colony, and the communist forces then known as Viet Minh.
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It ended with communist victory in April The Vietnam War was the longest in U. The war was extremely divisive in the U. Casualties in the Vietnam War The U. Casualties for the Republic of South Vietnam will never be adequately resolved.
Low estimates calculatecombat KIA and a half-million wounded. Civilian loss of life was also very heavy, with the lowest estimates aroundSimilarly, casualty totals among the VC and NVA and the number of dead and wounded civilians in North Vietnam cannot be determined exactly.
Civilian deaths during that time period were estimated at 2 million, but the U.
China conquered the northern part of modern Vietnam in BC and retained control until AD; it continued to exert some control over the Vietnamese until Originally, Vietnam ended at the 17th parallel, but it gradually conquered all the area southward along the coastline of the South China Sea and west to Cambodia.
Population in the south was mostly clustered in a few areas along the coast; the north always enjoyed a larger population. The two sections were not unlike North and South in the United States prior to the Civil War; their people did not fully trust each other.
Before the s, the French controlled Vietnam. In the early 20th century, Vietnamese nationalism began to rise, clashing with the French colonial rulers. The French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu inleading to negotiations that ended with the Geneva Agreements, July 21, Under those agreements, Cambodia and Laos—which had been part of the French colony—received their independence.
Vietnam, however, was divided at the 17th parallel. The division was supposed to be temporary: When the time came, however, Diem resisted the elections; the more populous north would certainly win.
Some 80, Vietnamese from the south had moved to the north after the Geneva Agreements were signed.
Ten times as many Vietnamese had fled the north, where the Communist Party was killing off its rivals, seizing property, and oppressing the large Catholic population.
A cadre was drawn from those who went north; they were trained, equipped and sent back to the south to aid in organizing and guiding the insurgency. Some in the North Vietnamese government thought the course of war in the south was unwise, but they were overruled.
Although publicly the war in the south was described as a civil war within South Vietnam, it was guided, equipped and reinforced by the communist leadership in Hanoi.What was Australia's role in the Korean War?
Australia was one of 21 nations that joined a UN force assembled in response to a North Korean attack on South Korea in Updated Updated 26 August. A different feeling prevailed among many within the U.S.
government. The communist takeover of China and subsequent war in Korea () against North Korean and Chinese troops had focused a great deal of attention on Southeast Asia as a place to take a strong stand against the spread of communism.
The archive of Iranian nuclear documents seized by the Israeli Mossad from a Tehran warehouse in January shows that Iran’s program to build nuclear weapons “was almost certainly larger, more.
The Korean War. - Served: 17, By mid, tensions between the two zones had escalated. On 25 June a North Korean army crossed into the southern zone and advanced towards the capital, Seoul. Australia's contribution included 77 Squadron of the RAAF and the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR).
Australia's involvement in the Korean War won much praise from other nations. Awards and decorations given to Australians during the war totalled , while awards given . Daily updates of everything that you need know about what is going on in the military community and abroad including military gear and equipment, breaking news, international news and more.