Many people wrongly think that discrimination does not exist if the impact was not intended, or if there were other factors that could explain a particular situation.
It is favouring one individual over another, simply because of a difference they may have, that does not fit in with their perceptions.
The Oxford Dictionary online defines discrimination as: This essay will look at how prejudice and discrimination can develop through two of these theories; the authoritarian personality, and the realistic conflict theory. It will also look at the effects it can cause for an individual and what ideas can be used to help reduce prejudice and discrimination.
Finally a conclusion will summarise the information presented Malim T and Birch A The authoritarian personality is where the personality type of an individual, underlies prejudice behaviour. Prejudice arises from the possession of specific personality characteristics, some of which include having respect for authority, having intolerance of others who are weaker and extreme views of rank and power.
Cardwell M et al Realistic conflict theory is when competition between groups causes prejudice. When two groups want to achieve the same goal, but only one can be successful, hostility is produced between them.
Realistic conflict theory explains hostility is part of prejudice, but it is not the origin of prejudice. Sherif conducted the Robbers Cave study and it is often used as support for realistic conflict theory which was a number of boys at summer camp being divided into two groups and then given competitive tasks to compete against each other.
The intergroup conflict caused prejudice, the study created winners and losers, those who were successful, seen themselves as more superior to the others and wanted to protect what they had won, whilst the losers who wanted to be successful and win, seen the winners as enemies.
However Tyerman and Spencer argued that when all individuals already knew each other well, competition did not produce such negative effects. Twining K The effects of being prejudiced or discriminated against can lead to serious problems for the individual concerned, either in their life or on their health.
If an individual who is prejudiced against begins to believe in what is being perceived about them, this could cause them to behave in a different way to how they would normally behave.
Individuals dealing with these problems tend to become depressed or isolated and lonely, which can then cause the individual to self-harm or have suicidal thoughts. In order to reduce prejudice and discrimination, it would be helpful to recognise the causes.
There are many diverse ways in which to reduce prejudice and discrimination, psychologists have categorised these ways as either taking an intergroup contact approach, or a social education approach. The aim on an intergroup approach is to increase the contact between members of two different groups, although research suggests that contact must be cooperative for it to be effective.
The more contact there is, the more the prejudice is reduced because group members begin to perceive other group members as individuals and not just as someone belonging to the opposite group.
The aim of a social education approach is to educate young children about the implications of prejudice and discrimination. The idea is, if children know how it feels to be prejudiced against, the less chance there is of them growing up with these prejudices. Class Handout 2 To summarise the above text presented, prejudice and discrimination are views and opinions, usually negative, which can be developed through a number of theories; authoritarian personality being one example, and realistic conflict theory being another example.
Both of these theories have been researched by numerous studies and conclusions have then been made upon their findings. The numerous approaches that have been made or studied up to now have helped to reduce some prejudices, but they are not fully guaranteed to wipe prejudice out altogether.
However with the importance to society of reducing prejudice, more theories will continue to be put forward until the result can be achieved.Retinal location: Color discrimination is best when objects are imaged in the fovea - you are looking directly at it - and falls as the image is seen further in the periphery.
Discrimination first degrades for red and green and then blue and yellow before failing completely. Prejustice and discrimination. Evaluate psychological theories of the development of prejudice and discrimination, discuss how prejudice and discrimination can be reduced and consider some of the effects that prejudice and discrimination might have on a group or individual.
Discrimination: Human and True Image ; Anti Discrimination Law. Download discrimination stock photos including images of bisexual, lesbian, lgbt and tolerance.
Search RF with an image instead of text. Try dragging an image to the search box. Paste image URL. Upload an Image Human resources, CRM, data mining and social media concept . Discrimination: Human and True Image Essay?These two things are looked down on but we continue to discriminate and prejudge.
In the book The Chrysalids by John Wyndham prejudice and especially discrimination take on whole new meanings. Individual discrimination, rather than institutional discrimination, is the reason why minority group members are less likely to be given a mortgage False The testosterone bonus refers to men's ability to think quicker and act more decisively than women.
Discrimination: Human and True Image These two things are looked down on but we continue to discriminate and prejudge In the book The Chrysalids by John Wyndham prejudice and especially discrimination take on whole new meanings.