Architecture was crucial to the success of Rome. Both formal architecture like temples and basilicas and in its utilitarian buildings like bridges and aqueducts played important roles in unifying the empire.
We need to examine this issue, since the modern Greeks repeatedly argue that they are direct ethnic descendants of the ancient Greeks and Macedonians. The fact is that the ethnic, linguistic, and cultural developments that these invasions created simply built upon similar movements of peoples into and out of the Balkans in the ancient past.
For instance, in speaking of the movements of Germanic tribes in the Balkans before the Slavs, the writer of Macedonia History and Politics says that the Goths were beaten off and the invasions in the fourth century did not lead to "ethnological adulteration.
Macedonia has been represented as a buffer protecting Hellenism from the waves of the barbarians throughout the centuries.
Thus it is argued by modern Greeks that the area of the present-day Republic of Macedonia was affected by these barbarian invasions, but the lands that are now Greece were largely unaffected. The American political scientist Buck explained that the notion of physical kinship implied in the word "nation" is the most conspicuous element in the popular conception of nationality.
However, it is also the least realistic. Buck points out that we have only to think of the extent of invasion and colonization that has occurred in nearly every corner of Europe to realize that this notion could at best be only approximate.
More importantly, from the viewpoint of historical analysis, it is not possible to demonstrate national family connections.
Recorded descent is at best restricted to a few families that are notable for some reason or another. All that can be shown convincingly is linguistic descent, but this is often taken as evidence of national descent.
Smith points out, specifically in reference to the modern Greek nation, "Greek demographic continuity was brutally interrupted in the late sixth to eighth centuries A. The editor of The Times, long the most prestigious of British newspapers, wrote in August Today, the historical refusal to acknowledge ethnic or cultural plurality has transmogrified into a refusal to accept political dissent in relation to these ethnic or cultural questions.
The obsession with Greek racial identity involves the distortion of the history of the thousands of years when there was no such thing as a Greek nation state.
Many of the views that follow explain that, whether the Greeks feel comfortable with the idea or not, their peoples are of diverse ethnic background, a great mix of the peoples of the Balkans, and have been for the past several thousand years.
If all of the peoples of the Balkans were subjected to mixture of varying degrees with the invaders, as was certainly the case, then the argument might readily be made that modern-day Greeks are no more ethnically related to early Greeks than present-day Macedonians are to ancient Macedonians.
A common assumption is that ancient peoples were ethnically homogenous. As has already been noted with regard to the peoples of Macedonia, the kingdom was undoubtedly a great mix of people, and the diversity increased with the expansion of the Macedonian Empire.
There was probably a comparable mix of peoples in various Greek city-states. While the Greeks who came into the Balkan peninsula became the dominant people in that area, strong influences from the earlier inhabitants remained.
A widely accepted view is that the Indo-European language moved into Greece from Anatolia with the spread of agriculture around B. There were also infiltrations or invasions from the north by Indo-European speakers sometime during the fourth or third millennium B.
Bernal suggests an explanation of ancient Greek development in terms of what he calls "the ancient model. Up to the eighteenth century A. Bernal suggests that the sense of loss that this created, and the quest to recover the lost wisdom, were major motives in the development of science in the seventeenth century.
Bernal argues that the ancient model was accepted by historians from antiquity till the nineteenth century, and was rejected then only for anti-Semitic and racist reasons. He sees the Egyptian and Phoenician influence on ancient Greeks as beginning in the first half of the second millennium B.
He concludes that Greek civilization is the result of the cultural mixtures created by these colonizations and later borrowings from across the eastern Mediterranean. These borrowings from Egypt and the Levant occurred in the second millennium B. Instead they derived them - through the early colonization and later study by Greeks abroad - from the east in general and Egypt in particular.
According to both Herodotus and Thucyclides, Pelasgians formed the largest element of the early population of Greece and the Aegean, and most of them were gradually assimilated by the Hellenes.
Herodotus saw this transformation as following the invasion by Danaos the Egyptianwhich he took to be around the middle of the second millennium B.
Herodotus stated that the Egyptian Danaids taught the Pelasgians not the Hellenes the worship of the gods. The Ionians were one of the two great tribes of Greece, the other being the Dorians.
In classical times the Ionians lived in a band across the Aegean from Attica to "Ionia on the Anatolian shore Herodotus linked the Pelasgians to the lonians.Romans copied the Greeks in using Marble to construct their structures structures but they also began to use concrete; which is a mixture of crushed rock and adhesive that begins as a slurry liquid, but eventually hardens into a solid.
The Romans had different engineering accomplishments, than that of the Han. They laid down a legal code that forms the basis of most western legal codes. They left institutions, technology and infrastructure that would influence successors for centuries to come. Oct 30, · Compare and contrast Rome and Greece.
What are the similarites and what are the differences. Also what are the connections between them. Also go into detail about the similarites and differences.
Like the rulers they had, government, war style. Please just give me some. I will repay you with a best answer within and hour, if there is benjaminpohle.com: Resolved.
Mar 30, · Check out our top Free Essays on Compare And Contrast The Byzantine And Roman Empire to help you write your own Essay the Greeks and the Romans had the most influence on American and European civilization.
Compare and contrast how TWO of the following states attempted to hold together their empires in the period circa to Students will be able to compare and contrast the architecture of Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, and the U.S.
today. How does what we know about the Ancient Romans compare to what we know about the Ancient Greeks?
Essentially, this whole lesson is . The Romans were much more able to do external surgery. This was due to there war like nature they needed to often save lives by surgery.
The Romans gathered there ideas by invading countries and taking there ideas were as the Greeks more traded ideas.