What were the Political Causes of French Revolution? The French Revolution is not only a significant event in the history of Europe but of the entire world.
With the French Revolution began the institutionalization of secularized individualism in both social life and politics; individualism and rationality found expression in parliamentary government and written constitutionalism. Obviously, the English and American revolutions of and prefigure these changes, but it was the more universalist French… Origins of the Revolution The French Revolution had general causes common to all the revolutions of the West at the end of the 18th century and particular causes that explain why it was by far the most violent and the most universally significant of these revolutions.
The first of the general causes was the social structure of the West. The feudal regime had been weakened step-by-step and had already disappeared in parts of Europe. The increasingly numerous and prosperous elite of wealthy commoners—merchants, manufacturers, and professionals, often called the bourgeoisie —aspired to political power in those countries where it did not already possess it.
The peasantsmany of whom owned land, had attained an improved standard of living and education and wanted to get rid of the last vestiges of feudalism so as to acquire the full rights of landowners and to be free to increase their holdings.
Furthermore, from abouthigher standards of living had reduced the mortality rate among adults considerably. This, together with other factors, had led to an increase in the population of Europe unprecedented for several centuries: For France, which with 26 million inhabitants in was the most populated country of Europe, the problem was most acute.
A larger population created a greater demand for food and consumer goods. The discovery of new gold mines in Brazil had led to a general rise in prices throughout the West from aboutindicating a prosperous economic situation.
From aboutthis trend slackened, and economic crises, provoking alarm and even revolt, became frequent. Arguments for social reform began to be advanced. The philosophes —intellectuals whose writings inspired these arguments—were certainly influenced by 17th-century theorists such as DescartesSpinoza and Lockebut they came to very different conclusions about political, social, and economic matters.
A revolution seemed necessary to apply the ideas of MontesquieuVoltaireor Rousseau. It is uncertain, however, whether revolution would have come without the added presence of a political crisis. In North America this backlash caused the American Revolutionwhich began with the refusal to pay a tax imposed by the king of Great Britain.
Monarchs tried to stop this reaction of the aristocracyand both rulers and the privileged classes sought allies among the nonprivileged bourgeois and the peasants.
Although scholarly debate continues about the exact causes of the Revolution, the following reasons are commonly adduced: Page 1 of 6.Discover what caused the American Revolution in this stimulating nonfiction book.
With its easy-to-read text and vivid images, readers are sure to be engaged as they learn about problems colonists faced, including the Stamp Act, the Townshend Act, and Intolerable benjaminpohle.coms: 2.
The Iranian Revolution was a populist, nationalist and Shi'a Islamic revolution that replaced a secular dictatorial monarchy with a theocracy based on "Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists" (or velayat-e faqi.)..
Its causes – why the last Shah of Iran (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi) was overthrown and why he was replaced by an Islamic Republic – are the subject of historical debate. The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about to sometime between and This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the factory system.
The American Revolution—also called the U.S.
War of Independence—was the insurrection fought between and through which 13 of Great Britain’s North American colonies threw off British rule to establish the sovereign United States of America, founded with the Declaration of Independence in British attempts to assert greater control over colonial affairs after a long period.
Further, social science research on revolution, primarily work in political science, has begun to move beyond individual or comparative case studies towards large-N empirical studies assessing the causes and implications of revolution.
The causes of a revolution will constantly be argued for importance and I am sure with the study this course has us focused on we still won’t completely agree as to the one main cause of the French or Haitian revolution; the causes are plural and all have different influence priorities!