NORML and other proponents of medical marijuana maintain that when compared with drugs such as heroin and cocainemarijuana is not only safe but holds great potential as a prescription drug.
Hallucinogens psychedelicsdissociatives and deliriantswhich induce perceptual and cognitive alterations. Hypnoticswhich depress the central nervous system. Opioid analgesicswhich also depress the central nervous system.
These are used recreationally because of their euphoric effects. Inhalantsin the forms of gas aerosols, or solvents, which are inhaled as a vapor because of their stupefying effects.
Many inhalants also fall into the above categories such as nitrous oxide which is also an analgesic. In some modern and ancient cultures, drug usage is seen as a status symbol. Recreational drugs are seen as status symbols in settings such as at nightclubs and parties.
Critics of prohibition believe that regulation of recreational drug use is a violation of personal autonomy and freedom. Entheogens Certain psychoactives, particularly hallucinogens, have been used for religious purposes since prehistoric times.
Native Americans have used peyote cacti containing mescaline for religious ceremonies for as long as years. Under the leadership of Timothy Learynew spiritual and intention-based movements began to use LSD and other hallucinogens as tools to access deeper inner exploration.
In the United States, the use of peyote for ritual purposes is protected only for members of the Native American Churchwhich is allowed to cultivate and distribute peyote. Psychochemical warfare and List of drugs used by militaries Psychoactive drugs have been used in military applications as non-lethal weapons.
Both military and civilian American intelligence officials are known to have used psychoactive drugs while interrogating captives apprehended in its War on Terror. In JulyJason Leopold and Jeffrey Kaye, psychologists and human rights workers, had a Freedom of Information Act request fulfilled that confirmed that the use of psychoactive drugs during interrogation was a long-standing practice.
He said that Jihan Walia captive kept in a nearby cell, was rendered catatonic through the use of these drugs. The military justice system has also been known to use psychoactive drugs to obtain a conviction.
Juillerat  Additionally, militaries worldwide have used or are using various psychoactive drugs to improve performance of soldiers by suppressing hunger, increasing the ability to sustain effort without food, increasing and lengthening wakefulness and concentration, suppressing fearreducing empathy, and improving reflexes and memory-recall among other things.
The efficiency of each method of administration varies from drug to drug. Alcohol and caffeine are ingested in beverage form; nicotine and cannabis are smoked or vaped ; peyote and psilocybin mushrooms are ingested in botanical form or dried; and crystalline drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines are usually insufflated inhaled or "snorted".
Determinants of effects[ edit ] The theory of dosage, set, and setting is a useful model in dealing with the effects of psychoactive substances, especially in a controlled therapeutic setting as well as in recreational use.
Timothy Learybased on his own experiences and systematic observations on psychedelics, developed this theory along with his colleagues Ralph Metznerand Richard Alpert Ram Dass in the s. Set The set is the internal attitudes and constitution of the person, including their expectations, wishes, fears, and sensitivity to the drug.
This factor is especially important for the hallucinogens, which have the ability to make conscious experiences out of the unconscious.
In traditional cultures, set is shaped primarily by the worldview, health and genetic characteristics that all the members of the culture share. Setting The third aspect is setting, which pertains to the surroundings, the place, and the time in which the experiences transpire.
This theory clearly states that the effects are equally the result of chemical, pharmacological, psychological, and physical influences.
The model that Timothy Leary proposed applied to the psychedelics, although it also applies to other psychoactives. Depending on its method of action, a psychoactive substance may block the receptors on the post-synaptic neuron dendriteor block reuptake or affect neurotransmitter synthesis in the pre-synaptic neuron axon.
There are many ways in which psychoactive drugs can affect the brain. Each drug has a specific action on one or more neurotransmitter or neuroreceptor in the brain.Arguments about the prohibition of drugs, and over drug policy reform, are subjects of considerable controversy.
The following is a presentation of major drug policy arguments, including those for drug law enforcement on one side of the debate, and arguments for drug law reform on the other. The legalization of marijuana has generated much debate. Supporters of legalization point to the fact that prohibiting marijuana usage has been largely ineffective at curbing the use of the drug.
Using marijuana may lead to use of more dangerous drugs — Despite the move toward recreational legalization of marijuana in several states, health care and drug addiction professionals still have concerns about the drug’s use.
For instance, marijuana is considered a gateway drug that potentially leads to the abuse of more dangerous or “harder” substances, such as heroin, cocaine or Ecstasy. Bill O’Reilly was quoted on his show saying “The legalization of marijuana still full of unintended consequence; sends a signal to children that drug use is an acceptable part of life.”.
The decriminalization and legalization of marijuana are intricately woven into the medical marijuana movement. Essentially, it is a debate over the value of marijuana's medicinal properties compared with the risks posed by its use.
This drug is empowered to drug dealers to make high wages for it. Also it is very dangerous while dealing with a drug dealer because they are a wild card.
Who know's what they did to it, laced it with other things, etc. Legalizing it would reduce the prices, it'd be taxed making a lot of money from that alone.