Background[ edit ] Lawrence Person has attempted to define the content and ethos of the cyberpunk literary movement stating: Classic cyberpunk characters were marginalized, alienated loners who lived on the edge of society in generally dystopic futures where daily life was impacted by rapid technological change, an ubiquitous datasphere of computerized information, and invasive modification of the human body.
Marlene Dietrichan actress frequently called upon to play a femme fatale The aesthetics of film noir are influenced by German Expressionisman artistic movement of the s and s that involved theater, photography, painting, sculpture and architecture, as well as cinema.
The opportunities offered by the booming Hollywood film industry and then the threat of Nazismled to the emigration of many film artists working in Germany who had been involved in the Expressionist movement or studied with its practitioners.
Movies of his such as 20, Years in Sing Sing and Private Detective 62 are among the early Hollywood sound films arguably classifiable as noir—scholar Marc Vernet offers the latter as evidence that dating the initiation of film noir to or any other year is "arbitrary".
Edeson later photographed The Maltese Falconwidely regarded as the first major film noir of the classic era. Films of his such as Shanghai Express and The Devil Is a Womanwith their hothouse eroticism and baroque visual style, anticipated central elements of classic noir.
Its visual intricacy and complex, voiceover narrative structure are echoed in dozens of classic film noirs. The Lost Weekenddirected by Billy Wilderanother Vienna-born, Berlin-trained American auteurtells the story of an alcoholic in a manner evocative of neorealism.
This semidocumentary approach characterized a substantial number of noirs in the late s and early s. A decade before the classic era, a story by Hammett was the source for the gangster melodrama City Streetsdirected by Rouben Mamoulian and photographed by Lee Garmeswho worked regularly with Sternberg.
Where Chandler, like Hammett, centered most of his novels and stories on the character of the private eye, Cain featured less heroic protagonists and focused more on psychological exposition than on crime solving;  the Cain approach has come to be identified with a subset of the hardboiled genre dubbed " noir fiction ".
For much of the s, one of the most prolific and successful authors of this often downbeat brand of suspense tale was Cornell Woolrich sometimes under the pseudonym George Hopley or William Irish. Burnettwhose first novel to be published was Little Caesar, in It was turned into a hit for Warner Bros.
At least one important reference work identifies the latter as a film noir despite its early date. During the classic era, his work, either as author or screenwriter, was the basis for seven films now widely regarded as film noirs, including three of the most famous: He later played secondary roles in several other formative American noirs.
From January through December deep shadows, clutching hands, exploding revolvers, sadistic villains and heroines tormented with deeply rooted diseases of the mind flashed across the screen in a panting display of psychoneurosis, unsublimated sex and murder most foul.
Donald Marshman, Life August 25,  Most film noirs of the classic period were similarly low- and modestly-budgeted features without major stars—B movies either literally or in spirit. In this production context, writers, directors, cinematographers, and other craftsmen were relatively free from typical big-picture constraints.
There was more visual experimentation than in Hollywood filmmaking as a whole: Narrative structures sometimes involved convoluted flashbacks uncommon in non-noir commercial productions.
The film stars noir icons Robert Mitchum and Jane Greer. Thematically, film noirs were most exceptional for the relative frequency with which they centered on women of questionable virtue—a focus that had become rare in Hollywood films after the mids and the end of the pre-Code era.
The prevalence of the private eye as a lead character declined in film noir of the s, a period during which several critics describe the form as becoming more focused on extreme psychologies and more exaggerated in general. They regard true film noir as belonging to a temporally and geographically limited cycle or period, treating subsequent films that evoke the classics as fundamentally different due to general shifts in filmmaking style and latter-day awareness of noir as a historical source for allusion.
While the inceptive noir, Stranger on the Third Floor, was a B picture directed by a virtual unknown, many of the film noirs still remembered were A-list productions by well-known film makers.O'Riordan's conclusions contextualize the Matrix trilogy within a broad dialogue that includes utopian discourse, contemporary cyberculture and communications technologies, and the influence of an American cultural moment.
Nov 20, · Watch video · American History X is a movie of its own. It has a little bit of everything in the way it touches you.
This of course making it /10(K). Fear Factory: Cars () (Video) Tech-noir style of the video. The when Shaun is pushed to the ground, he swings his leg to get up the same way Neo did it in the dojo in The Matrix ().
When Peter and friends enter the building where Hiro is kept prisoner the influence of "The Matrix" with Neo entering the building where Morpheus . toward American pop culture and its global influence would make genuine nostal- Wachowski’s The Matrix (), feature key scenes that stage the literal breaking FALL , VOL.
49, NO. 1 11 In its visual style, film noir accounts for this mood and for the somewhat paradoxical meshing. an analysis of the matrix and its influence on the american noir style Health care case analysis An analysis of the strategic defense initiative of president ronald reagan (25 Management Association an analysis of the theme of blood in william shakespeares play macbeth (U.S the individual of the rules which the community has evolved for its.
The primary literary influence on film noir was the hardboiled school of American detective and crime fiction, led in its early years by such writers as Dashiell Hammett (whose first novel, Red Harvest, was published in ) and James M. Cain (whose The Postman Always Rings Twice appeared five years later), and popularized in pulp .